The Proclamation of Independence for the nation and the state is special and priceless. It is one of the very special things because to achieve it, the nation and the state must fight with all their might even to the point of bloodshed and are willing to sacrifice many things.
The struggle for the proclamation of independence was once felt by Indonesia. As we know that Indonesia is one of the countries that has been colonized by other nations. To achieve this independence, there is a lot of energy, thought and blood sacrificed by the heroes which ultimately bears sweet fruit. So, what exactly is the history of Indonesian independence? Check out the following review!
A Brief History of Indonesian Independence
To be able to achieve Indonesian independence, there are many important events that occur and of course it is not as easy as imagined. Yes, before Ir. Soekarno read the text of the Proclamation of Independence on August 17, 1945, many events occurred behind it. And here is the historical story of Indonesian independence briefly:
- Meeting of 3 National Heroes in Dalat
An influential event behind the proclamation of Indonesian independence was the bomb drop by the United States on Hiroshima and Nagasaki cities on August 6 & 9, 1945.
The bombs were dropped by the allies with the aim of getting Japan to surrender to them. At this moment, Indonesia, which really wants to be free from the shackles of the colonialists, did not waste the opportunity to immediately proclaim independence.
Japan was increasingly cornered when two of its major cities had been bombed, and on August 14, 1946, the Land of the Rising Sun surrendered to the allies. But two days before Japan surrendered, precisely on August 12, 1945, 3 national figures had fulfilled the invitation from Terauchi in Dalat. The three figures in question are Ir. Soekarno, Moh. Hatta and Dr. Radjiman Wedyodiningrat.
General Terauchi himself is a commander-in-chief of the Japanese Army in the Southeast Asian region. General Terauchi deliberately invited the 3 National figures because there was something to convey, namely:
- The Japanese government has decided to grant Indonesia the right of
- To carry out the proclamation of independence, a committee was formed, namely the Indonesian Independence Preparatory Committee or known as PPKI.
- The implementation of Independence will be proclaimed as soon as possible if all preparations are completed and carried out gradually from Java and followed by other islands.
- The territory of Indonesia covers the entire territory of the former Dutch East Indies.
This meeting in Dalat, Vietnam was supposed to be a momentum for Indonesia to become independent. But unfortunately, when it turned out that there was a difference of opinion between the old group and the young group, which then finally found a common point.
- Soekarno’s Meeting with Major General Nishimura and Rear Admiral Maeda
After the meeting, Ir. Soekarno and Moh. Hatta returned to Jakarta. Together with Moh. Hatta, Ir. Soekarno was escorted by Rear Admiral Maeda to meet Major General Moichiro Yamamoto. But unfortunately, Major General Moichiro did not accept Ir. Soekarno and Moh. Hatta then immediately gave orders to Major General Otoshi Nishimura to meet the group immediately.
When receiving the meeting, Nishimura then revealed that since noon precisely on August 16, 1945, he had received an order from Tokyo if Japan had to maintain the status quo so that it could not give peace to Indonesia. This is inconsistent with what happened in Dalat where Japan had promised independence for Indonesia.
Finally, Ir. Soekarno and Moh. Hatta appealed to Nishimura so as not to hinder the work of the independence preparatory committee that had been formed. After the meeting, Ir. Soekarno and Moh. Hatta went to Admiral Maeda’s house accompanied by Miyoshi to conduct a preparatory meeting for independence and prepare the text of the proclamation.
The preparation of the text of the proclamation was carried out by Ir. Soekarno, Moh. Hatta, Achmad Soebardjo witnessed by Sukarni, Sayuri Melik and B. M Diah Sudiro. When drafting the text of the proclamation suddenly Nishijima interfered with the drafting by giving the opinion that the transfer of power meant only administrative power.
In connection with this suggestion, Soekarno and the people there agreed not to agree to this. Marine Major Dr. Hermann Kandeler, who worked at the Al-German representative office, became a very meritorious person because he had a typewriter that could assist Sayuti Melik in copying the text of the proclamation whose proclamation concept had been completed and agreed upon.
Ikada Square became the site of the original plan in the reading of the proclamation. However, due to various reasons, especially safety factors, the implementation was finally moved to Soekarno’s house precisely on Jalan Penggangsaan Timur Number 56, Jakarta.
- Rengasdengklok event
Initially, the bombing that occurred in Japan was hidden but eventually this event was heard to the ears of young people through BBC Radio broadcasts. This immediately made the youth move and asked for the proclamation of Indonesian Independence to be read immediately.
The youth, who were known to be young people under the leadership of Chaerul Saleh, then held a meeting. From the meeting, several decisions were made, namely, independence is the thing of the Indonesian people, Ir. Soekarno and Moh. Hatta must immediately proclaim independence and the severance of relations between Indonesia and Japan.
After this decision, the youths then sent envoys, namely Wikana and Darwis, to immediately meet with Ir. Soekarno and Moh. Hatta. They were sent to deliver the results of the meeting and requested that the proclamation of Independence be carried out on August 16, 1945.
But unfortunately, the ulusan was rejected by the old class on the grounds that the Japanese were still fully armed and there was a duty to maintain the status quo. On this, dissent arose.
After meeting with Ir. Soekarno and Moh. Hatta and getting answers to proposals, Wikana and Darwis immediately conveyed this to the youth who had gathered at the Menteng 31 Dormitory. The young groups gathered included Chaerul Saleh, Surachmat, Sampun, Yusuf Kunto, Johan Nur, Dr. Muwardi, Singgih, Kusnandar, Mandani, Subadio, Abdurrahman and Sutrisno.
The easy faction was so disappointed with the decision made by the old class that the atmosphere at that time became heated. Furthermore, the youths made an idea to secure Ir. Soekarno and Moh. Hatta by kidnapping him out of town. For this plan, the young group gave a task to Syudanco Singgih and his friends from PETA Jakarta.
Yusuf Kunto and Sukarni accompanied Singgih to carry out their duties and at that time Singgih argued that Rengasdengklok was the right and safe place for Ir. Soekarno and Moh. Hatta. On the same day, namely August 16, 1945, Ir. Soekarno and Moh. Hatta was taken to Rengasdengklok and it was at this place that the two National figures were ordered to immediately carry out the proclamation of independence.
At first, Ir. Soekarno and Moh. Hatta did not want to make the proclamation. However, after deliberations with the easy faction and Ahmad Subardjo, Ir. Soekarno finally agreed to proclaim Indonesian Independence on August 17, 1945 in Jakarta.
The Proclamation of Indonesian Independence was read at Jalan Penggasaan Timur No. 56, Jakarta at exactly 10.00 WIB. The text of the Proclamation was read by Ir. Soekarno accompanied by Moh. Hatta on behalf of the Indonesian nation. After the text of the proclamation of independence was read, the ceremony was continued with the raising of the Red and White Flag accompanied by the song Indonesia Raya.
That’s the history of Indonesian Independence that of course you must know. After reading the reviews above, of course, you more or less already know how the Indonesian nation struggles to achieve its independence. So, as good citizens, of course, we are proud of the struggle of our heroes who are willing to sacrifice for a Free Indonesia.