Things to Do in Bali, Indonesia
Located in western Indonesia, Bali is the westernmost province of Indonesia, including the islands of Lombok and Nusa Ceningan. Bali is also part of the Lesser Sunda Islands. Bali has many smaller neighboring islands, such as Nusa Lembongan and Nusa Penida.
Prambanan Temple: A Place of Wonders and Mysteries
One of Indonesia’s most stunning Hindu temples is Prambanan Temple, which is situated in Bali’s eastern region. The surrounding landscape has been incorporated into its architectural design.
The construction of this historical temple complex dates to the ninth century. It is considered to be the largest temple dedicated to Shiva in Indonesia. The main temple is in the center of the compound, surrounded by hundreds of smaller shrines and towers. Prambanan Temple was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1991.
In the 9th century, the Mataram Kingdom ruled central Java. They defeated the Sailendra dynasty and created the Prambanan Temple. It was abandoned for hundreds of years. In the early 11th century, the Prambanan Temple Complex collapsed due to an earthquake. Then, the Dutch started reconstruction efforts.
The Prambanan Temple Complex is divided into three zones. The first zone, known as the “outer zone,” is parkland. The inner zone is the main temple, which is built of stone. The inner sanctum of the temple is carved in intricate detail.
The main temple, which is 47 meters high, contains the consort of Lord Shiva. Many shrines and references to Hindu deities surround it. The entire complex is an excellent example of Hindu art.
The complex is open to visitors from 6 a.m. to 6 p.m. It is best to stay the night before to get an early entry. For foreign tourists, the entrance fee is IDR 252,000. The ticket is valid for two days.
The compound contains several temples in addition to the primary Shiva temple. It is best to explore the temples on foot to take in the lush surroundings and beautiful construction.
The Komodo Dragon: A Curious Incident in Paradise?
Located on Flores Island in Indonesia, Komodo dragons are protected by law. They have razor-sharp teeth, which make them a lethal predator. They are considered endangered by the International Union for Conservation of Nature’s (IUCN) Red List. They are also a popular zoo exhibit.
Komodo dragons can grow to three meters in length. They have a keen sense of smell and can detect warm-blooded animals five miles away. They also use a forked tongue to catch prey.
Komodo dragons are the world’s largest lizard species but are considered endangered. Their numbers are believed to decrease due to human activities and climate change. Natural disasters and human incursions also threaten them.
Komodo dragons live in Komodo National Park, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, on 29 islands. The park is home to over 2,500 Komodo dragons.
These dragons are highly venomous and attack with their powerful neck muscles. Their venom travels through the bloodstream very quickly, causing shock. They also have a very sharp sense of smell, which helps them locate prey. They can make a distinctive hissing sound to warn other Komodo dragons.
During the high season, Komodo National Park is packed with tourists. However, critics say the increase in visitors is unsustainable and should be avoided. The park is quiet during the low season, and tourists can be much more confident in spotting these apex predators.
Several organized tours take visitors to Rinca Island to see the Komodo dragons. These tours take a few hours and leave from the local airport. If you have time, you can also go snorkeling or visit Manta Point, a stunning area with crystal-clear waters.
Bird Watching in the Park: Tips for a Fun and Rewarding Experience
Among the hundreds of species of birds in Bali, a few are worth mentioning. The more interesting ones include the Magpie Robin, the Bali Starling, and the Cipoh bird.
The Magpie Robin is a black and white songbird endemic to the forests of Indonesia. Its song is an ode to its surroundings and showcases the blues and greens in the sunlight.
The Bali Starling is an endangered indigenous Balinese bird. It is small but has a distinctive eye color and beak. The beak is pointed and has a brown tip.
The Lesser Bird of Paradise is a medium-sized bird native to Irian Jaya. It has a brown crown, gray and white feathers on the underside, and a striking feather color at the top of its head. The bird has Least Concern status on the IUCN Red List.
The Cucak Ijo is a green bird native to Indonesia. It is known for its distinctive sound and wild movements. The male has a bright emerald green color, while the female has a dull green color. Its nest is the size of a large nut.
The Ipoh bird is another endemic species from Indonesia. Its feathers are exhibited in the air by the male, who can look like a green ball. The name, Cipo Kucat, translates to “green.”
The infamous myna is also an endangered species. Its population has declined due to human disturbance. The mass collection of mynas for the illegal wildlife trade has led to their decline. A new population of mynas is being raised in captivity, hopefully increasing the wild population.
Visiting Bali Bird Park is an excellent way to know what is going on. The park is near Ngurah Rai International Airport and is easy to reach from Kuta and Sanur. It features several bird species, including native birds, parrots, serpent eagles, and flamingos. The park is open daily and offers an array of programs and activities.
Fascinating Facts About Hinduism From Bali
Almost 90 percent of the population of Bali, Indonesia, are Hindus. This religion has deep roots in the culture and history of Bali, Indonesia. The faith combines Indian beliefs with local rituals and practices.
Hinduism in Indonesia has been an important center in Southeast Asia for centuries. The religion was first introduced to Indonesia in the 1st century and subsequently expanded. The early emperors and rulers of Java and Bali were Hindu. As Hinduism spread throughout Indonesia, it absorbed other religions and cultural traditions. During the colonial era, Hinduism was often layered over different beliefs. The faith was not rigidly enforced, in any case. People were categorized using the varna caste system according to the predisposition of their souls. People initially make professional decisions based on their inclinations.
Balinese Hindus believe in a single god whom they worship. Their religion blends Indian Hindu beliefs, Buddhism, and indigenous rituals and practices. Bali’s most important festival, Galungan, takes place on Wednesday of the 11th week of the Balinese calendar. This festival is believed to honor the spirits of the deceased. During the festival, “dharma over dharma” is celebrated.
Balinese Hindus also believe that every element in nature has power. Religion is built on the idea of sacrifice. They believe that ancestors can influence living people. Balinese Hindus name their children according to their caste during the temple ceremony. They also believe that menstruating women are prohibited from attending temples.
The ancient Indian caste system was called varna. It is said to have originated with one individual. The system later evolved into a family lineage and birth-based system. The varna system is also known as the wangsa, which refers to our ancestors’ professions.
Eves Indonesia: The World’s Largest Shopping Mall
Whether you are looking for local fashions or souvenirs, Indonesia has an endless array of shopping options. Many international brands are available in Indonesia for less than what they cost in the United States or Europe.
One of the best shopping destinations in Indonesia is Bandung. The city is known as the shopping capital of Indonesia. It has many factory outlet stores where you can get cheap clothes and accessories. The city is also home to a few shopping malls where you can shop for international brands.
Jalan Braga is among the top areas to shop in Bandung. It is the first shopping center in the city. This region was a busy thoroughfare during the start of the 20th century. The town has swept the sidewalks and converted many stores into coffee cafes.
Another shopping destination in Bandung is Pasar Cibaduyut. This shopping destination is where you can buy leather crafts at affordable prices. It also produces shoes to the customer’s specifications.
Jalan Cihampelas is another shopping area in Bandung. There are a few outlet stores and boutiques that sell local handicrafts. The street also has a gallery and restaurant. The best time to shop here is late at night or early in the morning.
In addition to its malls, Indonesia also has several thrift stores. You can find inexpensive clothing, books, home utilities, electronics, and even silver jewelry. You will also find much beautiful furniture at bargain prices.
In addition to the malls, there are a few flea markets throughout the country. These markets sell clothes, books, and jewelry, and they can be found in almost every city. Some cities have specialized needs for clothing and books.