Understanding Historical Story Writing: The Structure Of Historical Story Texts, Linguistic Characteristics And Examples!

While still in school, have you ever been given the task of creating a historical story text? Yes, making historical story texts  was indeed learned in high school. However, not a few apparently do not understand how to write the right historical story text so in this review we will thoroughly explore until we understand how to write the right one.

But what exactly is the text of the historical story?

Before you know how to write  the right historical story text  , of course, you need to know in advance what a historical story text is. A historical story text is a text or writing in which it tells about a fact and an event in the past that is motivated by the occurrence of an event that has historical value.

The text of a historical story should contain a story that has happened in the past and has an influence and needs to be remembered by many people. The text  of the historical story  does not include the whole imagination story because the background of the events and characters in the story do exist. In addition, the presentation of the text also uses a fictional prose or nonfiction writing style.

  • Fictional History Story Text

A fictional historical story text is a historical story text where it is largely subjective based on the author’s views. Some examples of historical fiction stories are such as historical novels, legends, romances and short stories. As for the characteristics of the text of fictional historical stories, namely:

  • The plot/storyline is organized based on the real world.
  • Presenting life according to the author’s view.
  • The picture of the inner life of the character is deeper.
  • The character development of the characters is not all revealed.


  • Nonfiction Historical Story Text

While the text of a nonfiction historical story is a text of historical stories where the overall content is based on a fact or actually happened. Examples of nonfiction historical story texts are travel stories, historical records, biographies and autobiographies. The characteristics of nonfiction historical texts are:

  • Compiled on the basis of objective facts.
  • Presenting life according to facts and data.
  • The picture of the character’s life is written in full and certainly based on facts.

Text Structure of Historical Stories

You need to know that all texts that are the subject matter in Indonesian subject have their own structure, as well as historical story texts. And here’s the structure of the historical story text along with examples  of historical stories:

  1. Orientation

First there is an orientation where this section contains an introduction or opening of the historical story text. Generally, the introduction contains a brief explanation of an event to be told so it usually uses a descriptive type of sentence.


Borobudur Temple is the largest Buddhist heritage temple in the world and is included in the 7 wonders of the world. This building was built during the Samaratungga kingdom of the Syailendra Dynasty around 824 AD.

  1. Sequence of events or incidents

Meanwhile, the structure of the text of the next historical story is the sequence of events or incidents. This section generally contains a recording of events to be delivered sequentially according to the time from the beginning of the event to the end. This part is of course the main main part of the historical story text because it is written in detail so that the reader can understand what happened.


Borobudur Temple Monument has an area of about 123×123 square meters. In addition, the temple also has 504 Buddha statues, one main stupa and 72 terawang stupas. Borobudur Temple has an architectural style that is thick with Indian nuances. Almost all countries including UNESCO have recognized the grandeur of the architecture of this temple. It took 75 years to complete the construction of this temple where the construction itself was under the command of the famous architecture Gunadarma.

The construction of Borobudur Temple used 60,000 m3 of volcanic rocks which at that time were taken from the Progo and Elo rivers. When the temple was built, the metric system was still unknown so the unit of length used was a tuning calculated by stretching the thumb and middle finger or measuring the length of the hair from the forehead to the base of the chin.

  1. Reorientation

The structure of the third historical story text is reorientation. This section is generally about the author’s personal comments on events he has written about before. It’s just that, in some historical texts usually reorientation is not given so it is optional.


Based on the Karangt tengah and Kahuluan inscriptions, it is stated that the founder of Borobudur Temple was the King of Ancient Mataram from the Syailendra Dynasty, namely Samaratungga. He built the temple around 824 AD.

Above is the structure of the historical story text which is certainly different from the historical novel. Here’s the structure of the historical novel text that you should know:

  • Orientation
  • Event disclosure
  • Rising action
  • Complications
  • Resolution
  • Koda

Linguistic Rules of Historical Story Texts

Once you know the structure of the historical story text, it will certainly not be complete if we do not discuss the linguistic rules of the historical story text. Because, both structure and linguistic rules have an important role to form a slick story. Here are the linguistic rules of historical story texts that should be known:

  • Use of Third-Person Pronouns

When writing a historical story text, usually the author will position himself as if he is outside the story and tell others in the story. This third-person pronoun is divided into two parts, namely:

Single: He, He, It and his.

Plural: They

In addition, in the text of historical stories, third-person pronouns can also be changed to the name of the character or the name of the person being told.

  • Use of Time Description

Furthermore, the use of time information that can indicate the past. For example “In ancient times”, “In the Year” and so on. This is used so that the reader can understand if the event happened in the past.

  • Use of Place Descriptions

The description of the place in the text of the historical story is also important. The description of this place will generally indicate the location of the events told. The use of this place description is marked with “to”, “in” or “from”.

  • Use of temporal conjunctions

Temporal conjunction is a conjunction that marks a specific time. For example, such as “then”, “then”, “after” and others.

  • Use of causality or causality conjunctions

The conjunction of causality is a conjunction that denotes the causation of an event. This conjunction of causality is divided into two types based on its location, namely:

  • Intracalymace: Conjunctions that are in one sentence such as, “cause”, “because”.
  • Intercalimation: Conjunctions that are outside the sentence so that they become a link between one sentence and another, such as “therefore”, “therefore”.


  • Use of Nomina

Nomina is a noun that generally refers to the name of a person, thing, idea or animal. For example “January”, “King Majapahit”, “Motherland” and others.

  • Use of Verbs

While verbs are verbs that denote human actions or activities. The use of this verb word is usually characterized by affix, “ter”, “di”, “me”, “ber-kan”, “kan”. Examples: shooting, handing over, escorted.

Types of Historical Story Texts

The text of historical stories is divided into 2 types. Well, the two types of historical story texts are historical novels and historical texts. Usually there are so many people who cannot distinguish between historical novels and also historical texts so that the following are the characteristics and differences of historical novels and historical texts:

  • Orientations in historical texts generally contain an introduction, purpose and preemptive. While in the historical novel contains the introduction of characters as well as settings.
  • Titles in historical novels are implicit whereas in historical texts they are explicit.
  • Historical texts generally do not have a koda while historical novels have a koda.
  • Resolutions in historical novels contain conflict resolution while historical texts contain conclusions.
  • Complications in historical novels are hierarchical while historical texts are gradual.

That’s a glimpse of writing historical story texts that you should know. By reading the reviews above, of course, you will certainly not be confused anymore about how to write the right historical story text. May it be useful!